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Erna Karule

(in passport:  Gailite)

Prof., Dr. habil. Phys. Erna Karule
Head of the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics

Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy,
  University of Latvia

Location: Skunu  iela 4
Riga, Latvia

Phone: +371 722 9747
Fax: +371 790 1214
E-mail: karule@latnet.lv

Mailing address: Institute of Physics, Salaspils-1, LV-2169, Latvia

 

 

 

Born: March 22, 1935, Riga, Latvia ( Karule is the maiden name)

Citizenship: Latvian

Scientific Interests :

- Atom electron collisions (in sixties of 20th century)
- Interaction of Laser Radiation with Atoms: multiphoton ionization, deformation of atomic spectra in  electromagnetic field, harmonic generation.

Languages: Latvian (native), English (fluent), Russian (fluent), French 

Education:

·         University of Latvia (Faculty of Physics and Mathematics: Discipline Physics), 1954-1959.

·         USSR Candidate of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics, Ph.D. in Western countries),  University of Latvia, 1966, Thesis: "Collisions of slow electrons with atoms of alkaline metals".

·         USSR Doctor of Sciences in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, University of StPetersburg. 1990. Thesis: "Multiphoton ionization of atomic hydrogen".

·         Dr. habil. Phys. (1992, nostrificated-equalized to the degrees in Latvia).

Career history:

Institute of Physics -

·         Engineer, 1959 - 1960

·         Junior Researcher, 1959-1963

·         Senior Engineer , 1964-1966,

·         Senior Researcher, 1967-1985

·         Leading Researcher, 1986-1993

·         Professor,  Head of Laboratory of Theoretical Physics1993 

Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy - 

·         Since 1994 Head of the Group of Theoretical Physics 

Honors and Awards

·         In 1967 together with V.Veldre, R.Damburg, R.Peterkop and M.Gailitis  awarded with the Latvian State prize for the cycle of papers: Theory of slow electron collisions with atoms"

International Cooperation

·         Nod Leader from Latvia in the ES Network "Electron and Photon Interaction with Atoms, Ions and Molecules" (coordinator P.G.Burke, UK), 1994-1996

Participation in organization of Conferences:

Membership in Scientific Associations

Main Publications

·          E.Karule "Above-threshold ionization of atomic hydrogen." J.Opt.Soc.Am. B 1990, .7, No 4, p. 631-638. .

·         E.Karule  "Multiphoton  ionization  of  atomic  hydrogen" Dr. Sc. Thesis, St.Petersburg University, 1990, 202 pages.

·         E.Karule "Analytical continuation of the transition matrix elements and multiphoton above-threshold ionisation of atomic hydrogen." 1988, J.Phys.B: At.. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, No 11,  1997-2014. 

·         E.Karule "Multiphoton ionisation of atomic hydrogen by extra photons" ,  In: "Atomic spectra and collisions in  external fields". 1988, Plenum Press, New York, p. 409-416.  

·         E.Karule "Calculation of two-photon ionization of  atomic  hydrogen above the photoelectric threshold by the  method  of  analytic continuation"  In:  "Theoretical  Group  Methods  in Physics" (russian and english versions) v. 2, Moscow,  Nauka, 1986, p. 525-532. 

·         E.Karule  "Two-photon  ionisation   of   excited   atomic hydrogen at the photoelectric threshold and above" J.Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Phys.,1985, 18, No 11, p. 2207-2218.

·         E.Karule  "Two-photon  ionisation  of  atomic   hydrogen simultaneously with one photon ionisation." J.Phys. B:  Atom. Mol. Phys.,1978, 11, No 3, p. 441-447. 

·         E.Karule "Multiphoton ionization of atomic hydrogen"  In: "Multiphoton Processes", Proceedings of papers of  International.  Conf. on  Multiphoton Processes, Rochester, N.Y. 1977, p. 159-169

·         E.Karule " Multiphoton  ionization  of  atomic  hydrogen in ground state",

·         (N up to 16), In: "Atomic Processes." (Ed. R.Peterkop, in Russian), Zinatne, Riga, 1975, p.5-24

·         E.Karule  "On the  evaluation  of  the transition  matrix  elements    for    multiphoton    processes in atomic hydrogen."  J.Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Phys., 4, 1971, p. L67-70.

·         E.Karule, R.Peterkop  "Differential  cross  sections  of elastic electron scattering by alkali atoms." Izv.  ZA  Latv. SSR, Fiz. Tehn. serija (In Russian) 1972, No p.3-8. 

·         E.Karule "The spin polarization  and  differential  cross sections in the elastic  scattering  of  electrons  by  alkali metal atoms." J.Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Phys.,  4,  1971,  p. 67-70. 

·         E.Karule, R.Peterkop  "Differential  cross  sections  of inelastic electron scattering by alkali atoms." Izv. ZA Latv. SSR, Fiz. Tehn. serija (In Russian) 1971, No 1, p.3-6. 

·         E.Karule. "Polarization  of  Potassium  and  Cesium  atom resonance lines excited by electron impact."  Izv.  ZA  Latv. SSR, Fiz. Tehn. serija (In Russian) 1970, No 6, p.27-32.

·         E.Karule. "Polarization of alkali  atom  resonance  lines excited by electron impact." Izv. ZA Latv.  SSR,  Fiz.  Tehn. serija (In Russian) 1970, No 3, p.31-36. 

·         E.Karule  "Polarization  of  lithium  and  sodium   atom resonance lines excited by electron impact." J.Phys.B,  1970,  3, p. 860-866.

·         E.Karule "Collisions of slow electrons with alkali atoms" Thesis of Cand. of Sc.  (In  Russian),  Riga,  University  of  Latvia,  1966, 151 pages.

·         E.Karule, R.Peterkop "Collisions of slow  electrons  with alkali atoms." In: "Effective  cross  sections  for  electron atom collisions" (In Russian) Riga, Zinatne, 1965, pp. 3-31.   

·         E.Karule  "Elastic  scattering  of  electrons  by  alkali atoms"  In:  "Effective  cross  sections  for  electron  atom collisions" (In Russian) Riga, Zinatne, 1965, pp. 33-55. 

·         E.Karule, R.Peterkop "Collisions of slow  electrons  with alkali  atoms".  In:"Physics   of   Electronic   and   Atomic Collisions" New York, Science Bookrafters, 1965, 134-139. 

·         E.Karule "Elastic scatering of  low-energy  electrons  by alkali  atoms"  In:  "Physics  of   Electronic   and   Atomic Collisions" New York, Science Bookrafters, 1965, 139-142. 

·         E.Karule "Elastic scatering of  low-energy  electrons  by alkali atoms" Phys. Lett. 1965, v.15, No 2, 137-138.

·         E.Karule, R.Peterkop  "Electron  collisions  with  Lithium atoms in close coupling approximation." Opt. and Spectroscopy (In Russian) 1964, v. 16, No 6, p. 958-961. 

 

 Research Projects

·         Latvian Council of Science Grant No 01-0061 "Atoms in strong laser fields." E.Gailite-Karule is the Holder of this grant for the Group of Theoretical Physics.